What are the different types of foot pain?
Our feet are the foundation of our bodies, and they go through a massive amount of stress while they do their job of bearing body weight and propulsion. Each foot has 26 bones, 30 joints, and more than 100 muscles, making the feet highly flexible to adapt to surfaces and keep our balance stable; but with these many moving parts, feet are vulnerable to injuries and conditions. Many people wear poorly fitting or poorly constructed shoes, which increases the likelihood of foot pain. Foot pain can happen for a number of reasons, some of which are listed here:
- Fractured foot bones – toes, metatarsals (middle bones of the foot), sesamoid bones (two small bones at the base of the big toe), bones in the back of the foot and heel. Foot fractures can happen from the stress of weight-bearing, improper exercise, falls, impacts, or twisting.
- Gout – this is a type of arthritis in the big toe. Severe swelling, pain, and redness are caused by urate crystals that collect in the toe joints.
- Bunions – a misalignment of the big toe joint that creates a bony bulge on the side of the foot.
- Hammertoes – a bending of the toe at the middle joint, caused either by overly tight muscles at the bottom of the toes or by wearing too-tight shoes.
- Pain in the ball of the foot – sometimes this can be minor and temporary, but other types of pain in the ball of the foot have a more serious cause related to tendon, nerve, or bone irregularities.
- Plantar fasciitis – inflammation of a tough strap of connective tissue along the bottom surface of the foot that connects the heel bone to the toes. It causes severe pain in the heel, usually noticed when a person gets up first thing in the morning.
- Tendonitis – tendons connect bones to muscles and there are many of these connections in the foot. Any of them can become irritated or inflamed, causing pain.
How do I know if my foot pain is serious?
It’s difficult to overlook foot pain, even when mild. If your foot pain doesn’t get any better after two weeks, if it’s burning pain, or if you have numbness or tingling, you should seek therapeutic help. If your foot pain or swelling is severe or if you are not able to put weight on your foot or walk, you should seek help immediately.
How can I relieve foot pain?
If at-home care like rest and ice doesn’t resolve your foot pain, you should see a medical professional for therapeutic options. At Hudson Sport & Spine, our chiropractors, physical therapists, and massage therapists are well-trained and experienced working with problems related to the bones, tendons, ligaments, and muscles, including the feet. Some causes of foot pain require adjustments to the feet and ankles, and some require soft tissue manipulation to release strain or sprain and allow stressed muscles to relax. We can also provide stretching and strength-building exercises to improve flexibility and prevent future foot pain.
What is foot pain a symptom of?
Sometimes foot pain can be a symptom of a more serious issue. Millions of Americans suffer from rheumatoid arthritis, which is an autoimmune disorder that causes your immune system to attack your own joints, causing swelling and pain. Rheumatoid arthritis frequently causes symptoms in the foot and ankle. Another foot-pain-causing type of arthritis is gout, which happens when there is an accumulation of too much uric acid in your body, which then deposits crystals in the joints, often in the big toes, which causes pain. Diabetes is another serious condition that affects millions of Americans and is a major cause of foot problems.
Foot pain should never be ignored, and you should have your foot pain assessed to be sure one of these more serious conditions is not the cause. Hudson Sport & Spine in Hoboken, NJ is experienced at assessing patients with foot pain and can treat and prevent foot pain.
If you need our services, we encourage you to contact us through our website today. We serve patients from Hoboken NJ, Jersey City NJ, Weehawken NJ, West New York NJ, Guttenberg NJ, Secaucus NJ, Harrison NJ, Kearny NJ, Newark NJ, Belleville NJ, North Bergen NJ, and Lyndhurst NJ.